We live in a complex world. This is from the individual components, their coordination to the functioning of many components as a unit, known as a system. Thus as human beings are socialized from the family level, school, community and the rest of the world, they must be introduced into understanding basic tenets that enable the society function as a unit.
These are the principles and set guidelines that enable many people independent components function in harmony. They may come as a result of cultural setting or due to the societal need on emerging issues. Against this backdrop, a person or that individual component that fails to abide by the set rules that govern a people, precisely define deviant.
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Words such as philosopher, governor, think tank and so on would also define John Locke in terms of his school of thought. However in this article we focus on his view on education and school systems. He suggested that children had the capacity of an adult in terms of rationality, learning and accepting social or academic principles.
He tried to offer a systematic approach towards enabling the societies bring up holistic children in terms of both the body and the mind.
There are many theories that have been put forth in the bid to define the nature of the society today; Merton's Strain theory, Durkheim theory, structural functionality and so on. It is impossible to detail each of them here, however the fundamental structure of the society and human socialization remain the same.
The concept of a society as a system with many components working as a unit becomes vital to define deviant, because the person who violets the set rules governing the society is a deviant. The school for example is a system with learners, teachers, administrators and support staff working as a unit.
The socialization of individuals in the society enabling them abide by the law would define John Locke. He believed that children should be handled like adults.